Now you can know. 23andMe was founded in 2006 to help people access, understand and benefit from the human genome. In 2015, they were authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market the first direct-to-consumer genetic test. They have more than one million genotyped customers around the world.
How it works. The company sends you a saliva collection kit and instructions for providing your sample. Your saliva contains DNA from cells in your mouth. Their CLIA-certified lab extracts DNA from cells in your saliva sample. Then the lab processes the DNA on a genotyping chip that reads hundreds of thousands of locations in your genome. It takes from six to eight weeks to analyze your genetic data, generate your personalized reports, and ship them to you.
What you get. Ancestry reports tell you about your family history. Wellness reports help you to make more informed choices about diet and exercise to maintain your health. Traits reports identify your unique attributes from food preferences to physical features. Carrier status reports find out if you are a carrier of an inherited condition and are a good idea if you are considering having children. The reports meet FDA standards for being scientifically and clinically valid. The company currently is the only genetic service available directly to the consumer that meets these FDA standards.